Report/StudySummaryDocuments including WEEE flows/quantities
Upgrading waste electrical and electronic equipment recycling through extended producer responsibility: A case studyCircular Economy, 2023: This paper discusses China's WEEE management via EPR and identifies the four phases and their features of the development of WEEE recycling since the fund subsidy scheme was implemented in 2012. It is suggested that the government take new measures to eliminate outdated enterprises and promote a WEEE disposal industry in the direction of company groups.
Author(s): Kun Li, Yufei Qin, Daolong Zhu, Shengen Zhang.
Circular Economy, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2023, 100025.
Preventing illicit waste-exports from the Netherlands to ChinaSpapens, T., Mehlbaum, S. & Neve, R., 2019: Chapter in book "Transnational crime, European and Chinese perspectives" (pp.215), published by Routledge. This chapter aims to explore the modi operandi of operators who ship waste illegally to China and how to better prevent these practices. It describes the regulatory framework for waste shipments from the EU to third countries and China in particular, as well as the different agencies involved. It presents an overview of the problems enforcement agencies experience in tackling waste trafficking and address initiatives that have been taken to improve enforcement and cross-border cooperation.
A Guide to the Control on Import and Export of WasteEnvironmental Protection Department-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, 2018: Guide to introduce and explain the legislative controls over the import and export of waste in Hong Kong under the Waste Disposal Ordinance (WDO). This simple guide is for explanatory purposes only. In case of doubt, the reader is advised to consult the WDO, Laws of Hong Kong Chapter 354. This regulatory permit control system enables Hong Kong to manage its import and export of waste in an environmentally sound manner. This ties in with the requirements of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal.
Scam Recycling: e-Dumping on Asia by US recyclersBasel Action Network, 2016: Second report of the “e-Trash Transparency Project”. The purpose of the project was to conduct a tracking investigation using GPS-based geolocation devices into used, non-functional electronic equipment that is very commonly discarded by consumers and businesses: printers, flat screens (LCD) monitors, and cathode ray tube (CRT) monitors, to reveal electronic waste movement within and from the United States.
Author(s): Eric Hopson; Jim Puckett.
The formal electronic recycling industry: Challenges and opportunities in occupational and environmental health researchHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 2016: Study systematically reviewing the literature on occupational and environmental health hazards of formal e-recycling facilities and discuss challenges and opportunities to strengthen research in this area. Published in Environment International journal (Volume 95, October 2016, Pages 157-166).
Author(s): Diana Maria Ceballos; Zhao Dong
E-Waste Statistics
Guidelines of Classification, reporting and indicators
First edition
United Nations University, IAS - SCYCLE, 2015: A sound measurement framework is proposed that integrates and validates available harmonized statistical data and other non-statistical data sources into e-waste statistics. This measurement framework is presented along with a classification of e-waste. Though the classification is, at this stage, standalone, it links to multiple data sources and data formats. Finally, indicators can be constructed from the framework, which can provide a useful overview of the size of the market for electronic and electrical products within a country. In addition to the full measuring framework, minimum requirements are proposed to collect and report on e-waste statistics for countries that are embarking on this type of data gathering for the first time.
Author(s): C.P. Balde; R. Kuehr; K. Blumenthal; S. Fondeur Gill; M. Kern; P. Micheli; E. Magpantay; J. Huisman.
An overview of E-waste management in ChinaJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 2015: This study shows that the amount of e-waste collected and dismantled and the growth rate of five major electronic equipment types from 2000 to 2012 increased sharply. Barriers and suggested solutions related to China’s e-wastes are identified and discussed, followed by policy implications towards improving the overall eco-efficiency of e-waste.
Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management 17(1): 1-12.
Author(s): Lu, Chengyu; Zhang, Lin; Zhong, Yongguang; Ren, Wanxia; Tobias, Mario; Mu, Zhilin; Ma, Zhixiao; Geng, Yong; and Xue, Bing.
Analysis of electronic waste recycling in the United States and potential application in ChinaColumbia University, 2014: This study analyzed the electronic waste recycling system in the U.S. as an example of established such systems in developed countries. Then, the present collecting and disposing situation of electronic waste in China were examined in detail, including e-waste collection and recycling in both formal and informal chains. The potential of applying the western electronic waste recycling systems into China was then further explored as well as the environmental and social benefits that could be hopefully achieved through this.
Author(s): Shumeng Liu.
Study on E-Waste Generation and Flow in ChinaBasel Convention Regional Centre for Asia and the Pacific Region, 2014: study results presentation on E-waste generation and E-waste collection and flow in China. WEEE legislation and management process in China. Forum on "E-waste: the inconvenient truth" in the framework of the 4th ITU Green Standards Week, Beijing (China).
Authors: Jie Yang and Jinhui LI, Tsinghua University