Report/StudySummaryDocuments including WEEE flows/quantities
The Dutch WEEE Flows 2020: What happened between 2010 and 2018?UNU and UNITAR, 2020: Commissioned by NVMP & Wecycle, this report presents the electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) placed on the market (POM) , the waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) Generated, the compliantly regulated WEEE Collection, and the WEEE Flows outside of the regulated WEEE management system in the Netherlands. The methodology integrates all available statistical data, field studies, household and business surveys, internal data from compliance schemes, and data from the National WEEE Register for the Netherlands. The results for 2018 have been compared to the data of the methodologically equivalent Dutch WEEE Flows Study, which was conducted for reference year 2010 and released in 2012 (see below).
Author(s): C.P. Baldé; S. van den Brink; V. Forti; A. van der Schalk; F. Hopstaken.
Preventing illicit waste-exports from the Netherlands to ChinaSpapens, T.; Mehlbaum, S.; and Neve, R., 2019: Chapter in book "Transnational crime, European and Chinese perspectives" (pp.215), published by Routledge. This chapter aims to explore the modi operandi of operators who ship waste illegally to China and how to better prevent these practices. It describes the regulatory framework for waste shipments from the EU to third countries and China in particular, as well as the different agencies involved. It presents an overview of the problems enforcement agencies experience in tackling waste trafficking and address initiatives that have been taken to improve enforcement and cross-border cooperation.
Author(s): Toine Spapens; Shanna Mehlbaum; Rudie Neve
The Circular Economy of E-Waste in the Netherlands: Optimizing Material Recycling and Energy RecoveryPRé Consultants, 2017: The present paper assesses the environmental benefits of the activities of Wecycle, the non-profit organisation in charge of the collection and recycling of e-waste in the Netherlands. It describes the climate change performance of e-waste recycling and appropriate removal and destruction of (H)CFCs. Six different e-waste categories are taken into account, and the results of 2016 are compared to previous years (2009–2015). Additionally, it is shown how “waste” can be turned into a resource, and what other strategies can be used to further close the loop.
Published in Journal of Engineering, Volume 2017, Article ID 8984013.
Author(s): Laura Golsteijn; Elsa Valencia Martinez
The Dutch WEEE FlowsUNU et al., 2012: Commissioned by Wecycle/NVMP and ICT~Milieu, the aim of this research is to provide a factual basis for the upcoming WEEE recast collection target definition in the Netherlands and to provide a more detailed and complete quantitative assessment of the WEEE flows. Additionally, it aims at qualitative insights in the mechanisms and pathways of collection, recycling, disposal and import plus export of WEEE in the Netherlands.48
Rules for the export of used electronic equipmentMinistry of Infrastructure and the Environment of The Netherlands, 2012: This brief document provides rules focused on packaging, documents to be provided when exporting used electronic equipment and other relevant information.
Enforcement of European Waste Shipment RegulationThe Netherlands Court of Audit, 2012: The Netherlands Court of Audit has audited the Dutch government's enforcement of the European Waste Shipment Regulation (EWSR). The EWSR regulates the shipment of waste within, to and from the European Union with a view to protecting the environment both within the EU and internationally. This report presents the audit result in terms of: Implementation of the EWSR, insight into the impact of enforcement, settlement of offences, response of the state secretaries and the minister and the Court of Audit's afterword.