|Report/Study||Summary||Documents including WEEE flows/quantities|
|Extended Producer Responsibility organisations and their strategic role for Producers||Erion and Sofies, 2021: The study compares the flows of WEEE, waste batteries and accumulators and waste packaging streams in France, Germany, Spain, Italy and the United Kingdom, providing an overview that highlights the commonalities and noteworthy practices among the EPR organisations of these countries. |
Author(s): Federico Magalini; Joséphine Courtois; Amba Concheso; Caroline Heinz.
|Contributing towards a circular economy utilising Critical Raw Materials from Waste Electricals||Material Focus, 2021: Technology Roadmap and Taxonomy of Critical Raw Material (CRM) Recovery Technologies for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE). A report outlining emerging technologies with potential to increase recovery of CRMs from WEEE, in support of developing next generation recycling strategies.|
Author(s): Professor Robert Holdway; Dr Rhys Charles.
|Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Collection Guide.|
Updated March 2021 - Robust services in WEEE collection
|WRAP, 2021: The focus of this guide is on the collection of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) from households through designated collection facilities (DCFs). It brings together existing information and explains the roles of different parties, particularly operators of approved DCFs, approved Producer Compliance Schemes (PCSs) and Local Authorities (LAs).|
|Electronic waste and the Circular Economy.|
First Report of Session 2019–21
|House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee (EAC), 2020: The House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee is calling on the government to take action on the recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), after it found the UK is “lagging behind” other nations in embedding a circular economy for its reuse. The committee outlines that the government must set “ambitious long-term targets” for the collection, re-use and recycling WEEE, stating that the current system of collection targets in the UK as unclear.|
|Electrical Waste - Challenges and opportunities||Material Focus, 2020: Anthesis and partners Lancaster University, Repic and Valpak were commissioned by the Material Focusm, to investigate unreported flows of EEE and WEEE in the UK. Building on previous studies, the objective was to develop a robust inventory of the different routes by which EEE and WEEE flow through the UK economy, to relate to WEEE Directive target setting and as a basis for recommendations to improve recycling. As a result, 21 different flows that influence the UK recycling rate for WEEE were investigated.|
Author(s): Mark Sayers; and Richard Peagam.
|Survey on consumer behavior when choosing a new handset||Vodafone, 2020: As its research with YouGov reveals that 4.7 million Brits admit to throwing a phone away in a general waste bin, Vodafone launches its new trade-in tool to help overcome the issues that have put people off trading in their phones.|
|Electrical and Electronic Equipment: Ingredients for Successful Extended Producer Responsibility||Eunomia, 2020: This report conducted by Eunomia for Defra explores the essential characteristics for a successful extended producer responsibility scheme for electrical and electronic equipment. Detalied overview of the Extended Producer Responsibilty system in the United Kingdom, which includes a review of how France, Italy, Finland, Ireland, Belgium, Spain, Luxembourg and Sweden have put the WEEE legislation into practice.|
|Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Treatment Guide.|
Maintain robust services at an authorised treatment facility
|WRAP, 2018: This guide focuses on treatment of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) at Approved Authorised Treatment Facilities (AATFs)/Authorised Treatment Facilities (ATFs) and re-use organisations. It is structured to allow users to focus on specific areas of interest or to read as whole chapters.|
|Independent review into serious and organised crime in the waste sector||HM Government, 2018: This review responds to a current gap in the understanding of serious and organised criminal involvement in the waste industry. A wideranging literature review to understand the current context and background to the subject has been conducted; a call for evidence from the public, the waste sector, regulators and enforcement agencies has been issued; and interviews with experts; and we undertook a number of field visits within England to hear the first-hand experience of Agency staff has been held. This report details the findings from these activities.|
|Holes in the Circular Economy: WEEE Leakage from Europe.A Report of the e-Trash Transparency Project||Basel Action Network, 2018: The report reveals the findings of a two-year study in 10 EU countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Spain, and the UK) that followed 314 old computers, printers, and monitors in which GPS Trackers had been secretly installed to determine the rate and flows of "leakage" from the EU of consumer-generated WEEE. 19 (6%) of the tracked scrap equipment was exported to the countries of Ghana, Hong Kong, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand, and Ukraine, outside of the EU; the flows discovered, if extrapolated, would total 352,474 metric tonnes per annum, moving from the EU to developing countries.|
Author(s): Jim Puckett; Chris Brandt; and Hayley Palmer.
|Switched on to value: Powering business change||Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP), 2017: WRAP has partnered with industry through the electrical and electronic equipment sustainability action plan (esap) to pioneer innovative business practices that promote a more circular economy. This report demonstrates the effectiveness of collaborating across industry through esap and provides our latest research findings on the opportunities for embracing a more resource efficient society.|
|Re-use protocols for electrical products||Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP), 2016: PAS 141 specification has been developed by British Standards Institution to increase re-use of electrical and electronic equipment and to ensure that they are tested and repaired to a minimum level. They have developed a set of protocols based on industry experience that highlight the tests and procedures that should be carried out as a minimum. They form a baseline for electrical product assessment and repair for re-use and can be used as a guideline to product assessment and testing. A total of 15 Product Protocol Guides are available, among others: printer, cookers, dishwashers, home stereo, tablet computers or televisions.|
|The British Gangs Running Waste Rackets to Launder Money||The Independent Newspaper UK, 2015: An interesting article on organised crime groups involved in illegal disposal of waste in Scotland.|
|Environmental management - guidance. Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE): Exporting||UK Government, 2014: How to apply to become an approved exporter (AE) and know how to operate legally under the approval.|
|WEEE Regulations Government Guidance Notes||UK Department for Business Innovation and Skills (BIS), 2014: This guidance provides specific advice about compliance with the WEEE Regulations 2013. It should be read in conjunction with those Regulations and is supplementary to guidance published by the European Commission about the WEEE Directive.This guidance is intended primarily for use by businesses, public and third sector organisations and individuals involved in the sale, purchase and disposal of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). There are specific chapters in this guidance covering different groups.|
|Waste Crime: Tackling Britain’s Dirty Secret||Environmental Services Association Education Trust (ESAET), 2014: The report analyses the waste crime in UK and it is structured as follows: Evidence regarding the nature, scale and impact of waste crime is presented (in Section 2.0); The factors that are contributing to a rise in crime are discussed(Section 3.0) ; The business case for action is analysed (Section 4.0); and Recommendations for tackling the problem are set out (Section 5.0).|
|Cracking down on waste crime - Waste crime report 2012-2013||UK Environment Agency, 2013: Focus on illegal waste sites in UK. Figures of inspected containers figures of waste prosecutions and fines, there are some data about electronic waste.|
|Electrical product material composition||Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP) 2012: Overview of updated data within the Market Flows Model of Electronic Products.|
|Guidance on the legal definition of waste and its application||Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), 2012: This guidance is aimed at waste operators with good knowledge and understanding of waste management system in the UK as well as anyone who needs to gain a more thorough understanding of the definition of waste. Part two of these documents provides an introduction to the Definition of Waste for those with a less technical background on the subject.|