Report/StudySummaryDocuments including WEEE flows/quantities
Understanding the thoughts and feelings of consumers around Scotland on share and repair community projectsCircular Communities Scotland, 2023: This report presents the findings of a survey conducted among 1,000 individuals in Scotland to gauge their opinions and attitudes towards share and repair community projects. The report highlights that awareness levels of such projects are relatively low, and that cost is the most important factor for customers. Additionally, the report indicates that people are interested in obtaining information, such as what items can be repaired and YouTube tutorials on how to do it.
UK Electrical Waste: Challenges & Opportunities 2023Material Focus by Anthesis (UK), 2023: This study is a robust inventory of the different ways working electricals and waste electricals flow through the UK economy. Using a mix of new and updated data sources, this research identifies types and volumes of electricals flows and pathways in the UK. 2021 is used as the most recent year when comparable datasets are published or available for analysis.48
The Role of Reuse in Helping Families Through the Cost-of-Living CrisisWRAP, 2022: The report explores the potential role of reuse in helping people across the UK in the current cost-of-living crisis, and considers the potential environmental and economic benefits to households of buying second hand items through online exchange.
Update to A Review (Economic and Environmental) of Kerbside Collections for Waste ElectricalsMaterial Focus by Oakdene Hollins, 2022: The research has identified that if kerbside collections were to be introduced across the UK, this could provide the capacity to collect 85,600 tonnes of waste electricals each year. The researchers carried out two online surveys among local authorities and waste contractors across the UK. The surveys assessed the different methods of collecting waste electricals in existing kerbside areas, the costs of operating these services, and the weight of electricals collected.48
A UK WEEE Matching System: a feasibility study of optionsMaterial Focus, 2022:The purpose of this study is to research how matching has worked in other territories, and to develop an up-to-date evidence base on whether and how matching could benefit the UK system and be practically implemented. The findings will support the upcoming consultation for the UK Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Regulations. The study has been prepared for Material Focus by Oakdene Hollins with the support of the WEEE Forum.
Author(s): Vivian (Weijia) Shi; Elena Payne; Katerina Michailidou.
Extended Producer Responsibility organisations and their strategic role for ProducersErion and Sofies, 2021: The study compares the flows of WEEE, waste batteries and accumulators and waste packaging streams in France, Germany, Spain, Italy and the United Kingdom, providing an overview that highlights the commonalities and noteworthy practices among the EPR organisations of these countries.
Author(s): Federico Magalini; Joséphine Courtois; Amba Concheso; Caroline Heinz.
Contributing towards a circular economy utilising Critical Raw Materials from Waste Electricals Material Focus, 2021: Technology Roadmap and Taxonomy of Critical Raw Material (CRM) Recovery Technologies for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE). A report outlining emerging technologies with potential to increase recovery of CRMs from WEEE, in support of developing next generation recycling strategies.
Author(s): Professor Robert Holdway; Dr Rhys Charles.
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Collection Guide.
Updated March 2021 - Robust services in WEEE collection
WRAP, 2021: The focus of this guide is on the collection of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) from households through designated collection facilities (DCFs). It brings together existing information and explains the roles of different parties, particularly operators of approved DCFs, approved Producer Compliance Schemes (PCSs) and Local Authorities (LAs).
Electronic waste and the Circular Economy.
First Report of Session 2019–21
House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee (EAC), 2021: The House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee is calling on the government to take action on the recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), after it found the UK is “lagging behind” other nations in embedding a circular economy for its reuse. The committee outlines that the government must set “ambitious long-term targets” for the collection, re-use and recycling WEEE, stating that the current system of collection targets in the UK as unclear.48
Electrical Waste - Challenges and opportunitiesMaterial Focus, 2020: Anthesis and partners Lancaster University, Repic and Valpak were commissioned by the Material Focus, to investigate unreported flows of EEE and WEEE in the UK. Building on previous studies, the objective was to develop a robust inventory of the different routes by which EEE and WEEE flow through the UK economy, to relate to WEEE Directive target setting and as a basis for recommendations to improve recycling. As a result, 21 different flows that influence the UK recycling rate for WEEE were investigated.
Author(s): Mark Sayers; and Richard Peagam.
Survey on consumer behavior when choosing a new handsetVodafone, 2020: As its research with YouGov reveals that 4.7 million Brits admit to throwing a phone away in a general waste bin, Vodafone launches its new trade-in tool to help overcome the issues that have put people off trading in their phones.
Electrical and Electronic Equipment: Ingredients for Successful Extended Producer ResponsibilityEunomia, 2020: This report conducted by Eunomia for Defra explores the essential characteristics for a successful extended producer responsibility scheme for electrical and electronic equipment. Detalied overview of the Extended Producer Responsibilty system in the United Kingdom, which includes a review of how France, Italy, Finland, Ireland, Belgium, Spain, Luxembourg and Sweden have put the WEEE legislation into practice.48
Environmental management - guidance. Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE): ExportingUK Government, 2019: How to apply to become an approved exporter (AE) and know how to operate legally under the approval. Published in 2014. Last updated 2019.
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Treatment Guide.
Maintain robust services at an authorised treatment facility
WRAP, 2018: This guide focuses on treatment of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) at Approved Authorised Treatment Facilities (AATFs)/Authorised Treatment Facilities (ATFs) and re-use organisations. It is structured to allow users to focus on specific areas of interest or to read as whole chapters.
Independent review into serious and organised crime in the waste sectorHM Government, 2018: This review responds to a current gap in the understanding of serious and organised criminal involvement in the waste industry. A wideranging literature review to understand the current context and background to the subject has been conducted; a call for evidence from the public, the waste sector, regulators and enforcement agencies has been issued; and interviews with experts; and we undertook a number of field visits within England to hear the first-hand experience of Agency staff has been held. This report details the findings from these activities. 48
Holes in the Circular Economy: WEEE Leakage from Europe.A Report of the e-Trash Transparency ProjectBasel Action Network, 2018: The report reveals the findings of a two-year study in 10 EU countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Spain, and the UK) that followed 314 old computers, printers, and monitors in which GPS Trackers had been secretly installed to determine the rate and flows of "leakage" from the EU of consumer-generated WEEE. 19 (6%) of the tracked scrap equipment was exported to the countries of Ghana, Hong Kong, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand, and Ukraine, outside of the EU; the flows discovered, if extrapolated, would total 352,474 metric tonnes per annum, moving from the EU to developing countries.
Author(s): Jim Puckett; Chris Brandt; and Hayley Palmer.
Switched on to value: Powering business changeWaste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP), 2017: WRAP has partnered with industry through the electrical and electronic equipment sustainability action plan (esap) to pioneer innovative business practices that promote a more circular economy. This report demonstrates the effectiveness of collaborating across industry through esap and provides our latest research findings on the opportunities for embracing a more resource efficient society.
The British Gangs Running Waste Rackets to Launder MoneyThe Independent Newspaper UK, 2015: An interesting article on organised crime groups involved in illegal disposal of waste in Scotland.
WEEE Regulations Government Guidance Notes UK Department for Business Innovation and Skills (BIS), 2014: This guidance provides specific advice about compliance with the WEEE Regulations 2013. It should be read in conjunction with those Regulations and is supplementary to guidance published by the European Commission about the WEEE Directive.This guidance is intended primarily for use by businesses, public and third sector organisations and individuals involved in the sale, purchase and disposal of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). There are specific chapters in this guidance covering different groups.